文章摘要
陈冠军,郝高建,刘在科,冯湘子,陈岱新.海底管道在位状态调查实践[J].海岸工程,2020,39(4):287-296
  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1002-3682.2020.04.007
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海底管道在位状态调查实践
Survey Practice of Submarine Pipeline In-Position State
作者单位
陈冠军1,郝高建1,刘在科2,冯湘子1,陈岱新1 1. 中海油田服务股份有限公司, 天津 300459
2. 中海油研究总院有限责任公司, 北京 100027 
中文摘要:
      根据调查设备搭载器的不同,将海底管道在位状态调查方法归为船载、自治水下机器人搭载(AUV 搭载)和无人遥控潜水器搭载(ROV搭载)三类;在浅水段采用船载调查,在深水段采用AUV搭载调查,在此基础上进行重点关注区域筛选,开展ROV调查,最后进行整体评价和分析对比,这种(船载/AUV)+ROV组合模式很好地实现了多种调查方法的优势互补。实际上,采用AUV搭载进行海底管道在位状态调查在国内业界尚属首次。调查所取得的管道位置、埋深、周边障碍物的分布以及管道人工处理情况等成果,为后期开展管道维护工作提供了重要的基础数据。此次成功实践可为以后从浅水到深水的管道在位状态调查提供经验和借鉴。
中文关键词: 海底管道  深水段  AUV  组合模式
英文摘要:
      According to the difference in survey equipment carriers, the survey methods of submarine pipeline in-position state can be classified into three types: shipborne survey, AUV survey and ROV survey. The shipborne survey is commonly used in the shallow water areas, the AUV survey is adopted in the deep water areas and the ROV survey is conducted in the key areas screened based on the above two surveys. Finally, the overall analysis and evaluation are carried out. Such a combination mode of shipborne/AUV+ROV can well realize the complementary advantages of various investigation methods. It is the first time that AUV is used to investigate the submarine pipelines in-position state. The results obtained by using these methods include the position, the buried depth, the other submarine obstacles distributed around the pipelines and the manual handling status of the pipelines. All these can provide important basic data for the future pipeline maintenance. This successful practice has provided valuable experiences and references for the future similar surveys of submarine pipeline in-position state from the shallow waters to the deep seas.
英文关键词: submarine pipeline  deep waters  AUV  combination mode
基金项目:国家十三五科技重大专项课题——荔湾气田群开发工程设计与监测技术集成应用与验证(2016ZX05057-001)
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